KGK General Purpose Machine Gun

By Richard Jones

A little known and highly modified variant of the Soviet-era Goryunov Medium Machine Gun (MMG) was manufactured in Hungary in the early 1960’s when the Hungarian military apparently found themselves in need of a General Purpose Machine Gun (GPMG). It gave the flexibility of a light machine gun when carried by one man and fired-off a bipod and an MMG when mounted on a tripod in the sustained-fire role with ‘quick-change’ barrel facility.

The little known KORSZERÜ GORJUNOV KOLOSNYIKOV (KGK) was based on the Goryunov SG-43 MMG. Reportedly less than 1000 KGK’s were manufactured before the introduction of the Pulemet Kalashnikova (PK series) GPMG into the Hungarian Armed Forces. An examination of the KGK in the MOD Pattern Room collection is lacking any Soviet type inspection marks suggesting the KGK is either a conversion of a Hungarian manufactured copy of the SG-43 or possibly purpose-built from scratch. (See Fig 1 & 2)

Apart from a single page entry in a Hungarian language textbook on small arms, little information of substance has come to light on this intriguing, but heavyweight conversion of an existing wheel-mounted MMG into a GPMG. The KGK retains the ruggedness and simplicity of the SG-43 in operation using gas-piston operation and the extremely simple side-locking bolt of its parent the SG-43.

The KGK differs from its parent the SG-43 as follows:

Richard Jones is the Assistant Custodian of the MOD Pattern Room Collection in Nottingham, England

This article first appeared in Small Arms Review V5N1 (October 2001)
and was posted online on April 11, 2014


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