Benelli M1014 Combat Shotgun
By Christopher R. Bartocci
On the battlefield, many people never even give thought to the shotgun. One expects to see modern assault rifles and belt fed machineguns.
However, the shotgun has always been part of the arsenal. They have served in every war this nation has ever been in. From the trenches of World War II to the underground tunnels in Vietnam they were used. The shotgun is a devastating weapon at close range to say the least. With buckshot, the shotgun is devastating up close to a target. Although even with a slug range is limited to 100 yards, but the destructive power and penetration of the slug is undeniable. Throughout the last century, the shotgun has been 12 gauge and pump action. As of this writing, the main combat shotgun for the US military is the Mossberg 500/590 series shotguns. This is a 12 gauge slide action shotgun with a 20 inch barrel and a 8 round tube. The shotgun has a heat shield as well as the ability to accept a bayonet. Different barrel lengths are available as well including 14 and 20 inch variations. The stock, handguard as well as the trigger housing are manufactured out of polymer. This shotgun has served in Operations Desert Storm, Iraqi Freedom and Enduring Freedom. On May 4, 1998, a solicitation (DAAE30-98-R-0401) was issued to Picatinny arsenal for a new shotgun. This was a much more modernized semi-automatic combat shotgun.
The requirements put out were that the shotgun must fire 2.75-inch 12 gauge slugs (100 to 125 meters accurately) and 00 Buckshot (40 meters accuracy). The shotgun must have a length up to 41.75 inches and be capable of reconfiguring to 36 inches or less. The maximum weight allowed was 8.5 pounds with the desire to be six pounds unloaded. The shotgun will be equipped with Low Light Level iron sights and standard Mil-Std-1913 rail on the top of the receiver to permit use of enhanced sighting systems. The project was called the Joint Services Combat Shotgun (JSCS) and the weapon would go on to be classified as the M1014.
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