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Guns of the Silver Screen: V22N4

By Kyle Shea

The Gun Meant to End Wars

When the atomic bombs were dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, it changed warfare forever. Before the bombs were dropped, the Americans and the Russians could have attacked each on the battlefield over any of the countless diplomatic incidents during the Cold War. Yet, the fear of nuclear assured destruction kept the two great superpowers from clashing in Cuba, Vietnam, Korea, Afghanistan and other conflicts across the world.

Almost 80 years before the development of the atomic bomb, a man named Dr. Richard J. Gatling attempted to create a weapon that would make men hesitate before going to war; much like the Atomic bomb did for much of the 20th century. The result was the Gatling gun. How it worked was simple. You simply cranked the handle on the side and turned the barrels, loading from a magazine on top and ejecting the spent cartridges below.

The Gatling gun was one of the great guns that helped the European powers become colonial empires. They were first used in the American Civil War, though they did not see much action. After the American Civil War, it mostly saw action in the Native American Wars. It is even commonly said that if George Armstrong Custer had brought the Gatling guns that he had to the Little Big Horn, there would not have been a Custer’s Last Stand.

One of the most famous battles involving the Gatling gun was the battle of San Juan Hill. Despite being outdated by the M1895 Colt-Browning machine gun (AKA the Potato Digger), it was still brought to Cuba during the Spanish-American War. At San Juan Hill, the Gatling guns were brought forward and poured over 18,000 rounds into the Spanish defenses. Also used at San Juan was the Hotchkiss Revolving Cannon, a five-barrel artillery piece that resembles the Gatling gun. Outside of the United States, the Gatling gun saw service in the British Empire, the French Empire, the Russian Empire and a few others. The British used it against the Zulus, Bedouin tribes, Mahdists and Afghan tribes, and the...

This article first appeared in Small Arms Review V22N4 (April 2018)
and was posted online on February 23, 2018

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